This year we combined the bioethics and economics final exams, and simplified it to one question. This will be a test of your mathematical skills, your reading comprehension, and your ethical intuitions. It's a bit of a trick question, so please read carefully.
First, read the following two quotes.
In the department of economy, an act, a habit, an institution, a law, gives birth not only to an effect, but to a series of effects. Of these effects, the first only is immediate; it manifests itself simultaneously with its cause – it is seen. The others unfold in succession – they are not seen: it is well for us, if they are foreseen. Between a good and a bad economist this constitutes the whole difference – the one takes account of the visible effect; the other takes account both of the effects which are seen, and also of those which it is necessary to foresee. Now this difference is enormous, for it almost always happens that when the immediate consequence is favourable, the ultimate consequences are fatal,
The advantages which officials advocate are those which are seen. This blinds all eyes.
I must beg you, gentlemen, to pay some little regard to arithmetic, at least
A federal judge on Wednesday ordered HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius to allow 10-year-old Sarah Murnaghan to be moved to the adult lung transplant list, giving her a better chance of receiving a potentially life-saving transplant.
Now, the question:
There are 500 people who need lungs and 20 lung donors. What is the name of the person who was to have received this pair of lungs but who will now die?
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